Annexed by Japan in 1895 after the First China War, now considered an integral part of the Japanese Home Islands. The population of the island is mixed Taiwanese aborigine, Chinese and Japanese settlers. Japanese culture and language have absolute primacy, though there is substantial participation by non-Japanese in government, administration and business.
Administratively, Taiwan is united with the Ryukyu Islands (formerly the Ryukyu Kingdom and Ryukyu Domain, annexed 1879) and the Hainan Islands (formerly part of the Guangdong Province of China, annexed 1949) as a distinct Region.
Prince Hiroshi Sho, great-grandson of the last King of Ryukyu, is Governor of the Region. Notable Taiwanese in the administration include the business magnate Koo Chen-fu, and the Japanese Navy veteran Lee Teng-hui.