Nezavisna Kraljevina Srbija/Independent Kingdom of Serbia





Head of State

Prince Pavle Karadordevic, Regent of Serbia (1934-1941, 1946-1955), Aleksandar Pavlov Karadordevic, King of Serbia (from 1955)

Ruling Party

Nacionalni Stroj-Nacionalnog Spasa/National Alignment-National Salvation (from 1941)

Head of Government

General Milan Nedic (1941-1953), Dimitrije Ljotic (1953-1966), Milan Acimovic (1966-1973), Momcilo Dujic (from 1973)


An Anti-Axis, Serb-nationalist coup d’état in March 1941 (supported by Great Britain) leads to invasion and partition by virtually all neighbouring states (Italy and Italian Albania, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, and later Germany and Greece).

The pre-war Kingdom of Yugoslavia was divided into its component ethnic units, with substantial territories lost to its neighbours. Croatia became a nominally independent state, enlarged with Bosnia, as did Montenegro. Serbia was also allowed a nominal independence after the war, though greatly reduced in size and autonomy. Banat was divided between Germany and Hungary, before being transferred almost in its entirety to Hungarian control after the war. Similarly Slovenia was divided three ways between Italy, Germany and Hungary, with Germany again surrendering control of the region after the war to the smaller powers. Kosovo was taken by Italian Albania. The bulk of Macedonia was taken by Bulgaria, with smaller parts going to Albania, Greece and a new Aromanian state established by Italy and Romania. Romania also claimed a small part of Banat and north-central Serbia.

A puppet Government of National Salvation includes technocrats, ZBOR fascists and Chetnik monarchists, with the Chetnik element dominant after 1944. The Regency Council, overthrown in 1941, restored at the end of the war, with Prince Pavle Karadordevic resuming his position at head of the council, joined by his son, Prince Aleksandar Karadordevic, and Prince Filberto of Savoy, Duke of Genoa, hero of the Italian campaign in Abyssinia (Italian East Africa). Prince Aleksandar secured his claim to the Serbian throne by marrying a Savoy princess, Maria Pia, in 1955.