Dominion of Newfoundland




St. John's

Head of State

His Imperial Majesty, King-Emperor Edward VIII of Great Britain (from 1952)

Ruling Party

Responsible Conservative League (from 1949)

Head of Government

Peter John Cashin (from 1949)


Like New Zealand, Newfoundland rejected confederation with its larger neighbour, in 1949, embracing a direct relationship with the metropolis.

Although Newfoundland has rejected unification with Canada, Great Britain is pursuing a policy of confederation elsewhere (as with the West Indian, Central Africa, West African and East African Federations), and plans to unite eventually all Dominions and colonies in the Americas.

In 1957, after Quebec voted for separate Dominion status, Newfoundland was substantially enlarged. Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick were confederated with Newfoundland, which became known as the province of Labrador and Newfoundland, to distinguish it from the confederation as a whole.