Vasileion tis Megali Ellas ton Ellinon Christianon/Great Greek Christian Kingdom





Head of State

His Majesty, Archon Georgios II of the Greeks (First reign: 1922-1924, second regin: 1935-1947), Archon Pavlos of the Greeks (1947-1964), Archon Konstantinos II of the Greeks (1964-1973), Archon Pavlos II of the Greeks (from 1973, under a Regency)

Ruling Party

Elliniko Ethniko Sosialistiko Komma tis 4is Augoustou/Greek National Socialist Party of the 4th August (from 1936)

Head of Government

Arkhigos Ioannis Metaxas (1936-1940), Ioannis Rallis(1940-1946), Konstantinos Logothetopoulos (1946-1961), Konstantinos Karamanlis (1961-1967), Georgios Papadopoulos (1967-1973), Dimitrios Ioannidis (from 1973)

System of Government

Metaxism - beginning as a military regime imitative of the Nationalist and Christian regimes of Portugal and later Spain and France, and progressing via Italian-type Fascism to German-type National Socialism


In October 1940 Greece, at the insistance of Germany, agreed to join with Italian forces in the invasion of Cyprus. The Axis had been divided over the fate of Greece, with Germany wanting the country as an ally and Italy wanting it as a colony. The head of the Greek Regime, Ioannis Metaxas, meanwhile, wanted to maintain Greek neutrality.

As was usual however, German pressure won out. Metaxas was deposed by a Triumvirate of senior regime figures. He remained the figurehead of the regime as Father of the Nation and Arkhigos (equivolent to the German 'Fuehrer') until his death in 1942. Italian forces were allowed to enter Greek territory, but only as a spring-board to the invasion of British-held territory in the Mediterranean and, if Turkish neutrality was jepordised, by the British or the Turks themselves, to invade Turkey.

Greece was almost immediately invaded by British forces. This invasion prompted a pro-British, Serbian-nationalist coup in Yugoslavia. Axis and Allies fought back and forth across Greece. By the time Britiain signed a ceasefire with the Axis in the Summer of 1941, Crete and the Dodecanese were still under British occupation.

Greece also took a small part in the invasion of Yugoslavia in Spring of 1941, gaining some territory from Yugoslav Macedonia (including Gevgeli, Bogdanca and Mal Konstantinopol, formerly Valandovo). Cyprus remained under the joint occupation of Italy and Germany for the duration of the war, as the island's large Turkish minority was used as a bargaining chip in Axis dealings with Turkey.

After the war, British Cyprus, British-occupied Crete and the Italian Dodecanese were placed under a Greco-Italian Condominion, and united ('enosis') with the Greek Kingdom in 1961. This was described by the regime of the completion of the 'Grand Idea' ('Megali Idea') of a fully unified 'Greece of Christian Greeks' ('Ellas Ellinon Christianon').

Greece also took part in the three-power condominion over the western part of Jerusalem, along with Italy and Romania. The expectation that the Greek section of the city would revert to local control provoked the First Jerusalem Crisis of 1961. The declining relations between Italy and Romania, culminating in the declaration of a Romanian Empire in 1965, and the end of Italo-Romanian Condominion over Macedonia, led to the Second Jerusalem Crisis of 1966-1967, when the last European forces left, handing control of the city to Christian-dominated Lebanon.