Protectorate of Georgia/Reichsprotektorat Sakartwelo





Head of State

Reichsresidentur and Reichsprotektor Karl Franz von Preusen (1945-1975), Reichsprotektor Prince Franz Friedrich von Preusen (from 1975)

Ruling Party

Traditionalist National Socialist Union of Tetri Giorgi (founded 1942, Berlin)

Head of Government

Irakli III Bagration-Mukhraneli of Georgia (from 1946), Giori Bagration-Mukhraneli of Georgia (from 1977)


Georgia enjoys more autonomy than any other of the ethnic 'heimatstaaten' ('homeland states', known colloquially as 'Lokots') established by Germany in the former Soviet Russia.

Georgia declared 'independence under the German Reich' in 1976. Virtually all of the Protectorate's policies are dictated from Berlin. It is one of the more territorially contiguous of the heimatstaaten, though it is nearly bisected by the Ironian heimatstaat (Ossetia).

The most important native figure in the administration was Prince Irakli Bagration-Mukhraneli served as 'Batoni' (Fuehrer or Chieftan) of the Georgian People from 1946 to 1977. Prince Karl Franz of Prussia, grandson of the last German emperor and one-time contender for the Georgian throne, was made Reichsresidentur (1945-1966) and later Reichsprotektor (1966-1975) for the region.

The administration of the region is mainly in the hands of native Georgians, supervised by a small number of German advisors. The region's ruling class is drawn from the old tsarist regime, veterens of the Georgian Legion of the German army and members of pro-Nazi political bodies, such as the Union of Georgian Traditionalists, Georgian National-Socialist Party and Tetri Giorgi (later folded into the umbrella Traditionalist National-Socialist Union of Tetri Giorgi). Leading figures include Prince Mikheil Tsereteli and Prince Chabua Amirejibi, the Georgian Legion commander Shalva Maglakelidze, and the former Rosenberg advisors Michael Achmeteli and Alexander Nikuradze.

The relatively high degree of autonomy Georgia enjoys is ascribed various factors, including the contribution of Georgians to the German war effort in Russia in both wars, and the large numbers of Georgians involved in negotiating the surrender of the Soviet Union to Germany, especially West Georgians (West Georgia is autonomous from Tiflis, and partition has been mooted by German experts). It is also true that unlike most of the Caucasian and Central Asian heimatstaaten, no neighbouring German ally made any substantial claim on Georgian territory. This is not the case for, for example Armenia and Azerbaijan (claimed by Turkey and Iran) or Tajikistan (claimed by Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan). Turkey has expressed some interest in West Georgia.