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Suur-Suomen Kuningaskuntahanke/Konungariket Storfinland/Greater Finland

Population

6,000,000

Capital

Pietari

Head of State

Prince Friedrich Karl of Hesse, King Frederik Kaarle, Vaino I of Finland (1918), Carl Mannerheim (1918-1919), Kaarlo Stahlberg (1919-1925), Lauri Relander (1925-1931), Pehr Svinhufvud (1931-1937), Kyosti Kallio (1937-1940), Risto Ryti (1940-1944), Carl Mannerheim (1944-1950), Prince Christoph of Hesse, King Kristof, Vaino II of Finland (1950-1982), Prince Karl Adolf of Hesse, King Kaarle, Vaino III of Finland (from 1982)

Ruling Party

National Unity Government (1938-1949), Isanmaallinen Kansallissosialistinen Liike/Fosterlandska Nationalsocialistiska Rorelsen/Patriotic National Socialist League (from 1949)

Head of Government

Risto Ryti (1939-1940), Johan Rangell (1940-1943), Vilho Annala (1943-1950), Carl Mannerheim (1950-1951), Elias Simojoki (1951-1960), Arvi Kalsta (1960-1970), Henrik Mannil (1968-1972) Tatu Vanhanen (from 1977)

HistoryEdit

Having lost a short war against the Soviet Union in 1940, Finland immediately joined Germany in attacking the USSR in 1941. Finland had garnered much international support during the so-called Winter War of 1939-1940, with volunteers from Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Estonia, Hungary and Italy all coming to the Finns' aide. Sweden, due to the close ties between the two nations, was particularly pro-Finland. It was this pro-Finnish sentiment that led to the Midsummer Crisis in Sweden and that country's subsequent entry into the war.

The war-time National Government included Vilho Annala of the Lapua-IKL from 1941. The government, dominated by Marshal Mannerheim until 1951, adopted many of the trappings of a National Socialist-type ruling party in imitation of Finland's most powerful neighbour and ally. The core of the new ruling party was the old Lapua-IKL, led by Herman Gummerus and Vilho Annala along with its Estonia offshoot the Vaps movement, led by Johan Pitka and the Sinimustat youth movement of Elias Simojoki.

During the war Finland experienced perhaps the most changes of all the Scandinavian states. It absorbed Karelia from Russia, traded the Aland Islands for the Torne Valley with Sweden, and eventually received Estonia and Ingria from Germany.

Finland also joined its Scandinavian neighbours in becoming a monarchy. King Kristof, formerly Prince Christoph of Hesse was the son of Frederick Charles, the elected king of Finland in 1918, and a committed member of the NSDAP. His wife Princess Sophie was member of the royal house of Denmark, which strengthened Finland’s links with the Scandinavian countries. His eldest son and heir apparant, Prince Karl Adolf Andreas of Hesse married a Hungarian countess, Yvonne Grafin Szapary von Muraszombath-Szechysziget und Szapar, cementing the relationship between the two Turanic nations.

Estonia Edit

The Estonian Self-Administration, created after the conquest of the country from the Soviet Union by German forces in 1941, provided a model for limited national self-government under German rule.

The model proved more lasting than the institution itself. Estonia was handed from Germany to Finland at the close of the war and the Estonian Self-Administration became in effect the governing body for a new Finnish province. Estonia replaced Aland (which was surrendered to Sweden) as the ninth province of Finland under the leadership of Hjalmar Mae.

The borders of Estonia were extended both southwards and eastwards. In the south, those parts of the far north of the former Latvia historically inhabited by the Finnich Livs was annexed. In the east, territory of the former Russia as far east as the Volkhov River was annexed, including all the territory inhabited by the Finnic Ingrians, but not including Saint Petersberg, which became the new capital of Finnish Karelia province.

Known as Generalbezirk Estland under Germany, the region is now officially known as Peipsimaa or Peipusland or colloquially as Viro.

Swedish and Finnish are co-official languages. Estonian, Ingrian, Lapp and other Finnic languages spoken in Greater Finland are regarded as dialects of Finnish, and their use is discouraged.

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