Kongeriget Danmark/Kingdom of Denmark





Head of State

His Majesty King Christian X of Denmark (1912-1942), His Majesty King Frederick IX of Denmark (de facto head of state from 1942-1972), His Majesty King Canute VII of Denmark (1972-1976), His Majesty King Ingolf of Denmark (from 1976)

Ruling Party

Unity Government (1940-1950), Danmarks Nationalsocialistiske Folkebevaegelse/National Socialist People's Movement of Denmark (from 1950)

Head of Government

Thorvald Stauning (1929-1942), Erik Scavenius (1942-1950), Dr Carl Vaernet (1950-1967), Soren Kam (from 1967)


Denmark accepted the protection of Germany and was occupied by German troops from April 1940 for the duration of the war. Afterwards, Denmark, along with Sweden and Norway was corralled into a Greater Germanic Reich, led by Germany. These countries were later joined by an independent Iceland and by the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.

The wartime prime minister Erik Scavenius, was a non-party figure, a diplomat and a member of the Danish elite originally imposed by German fiat to replace the Social Democratic leader Thorvald Stauning in 1942. The ageing Scavenius was replaced in turn in 1950 by Dr Carl Vaernet, Germany's new nominee. Dr Vaernet's chief claims to success in his earlier profession as a medical doctor were the curing of homosexuality and the elimination of homosexuality from Denmark. He was replaced in 1967 by the young Soren Kam, a veteran of the Eastern Front.

The succession to the position of head of state was fairly straightforward, with the crown passing from Christian X to his eldest son, Frederik IX and then to his youngest son, Knud VII. The crown then passed to Knud's eldest son, Ingolf.

The Kingdom of Denmark lost the North Frisian Islands (known in Denmark as the Vadehavet Islands) to the enlarged Netherlands, while both Iceland and the Faeroes became independent under a German prince in 1943. The only colony Denmark was allowed to retain was Greenland, although it was forced to recognise Norwegian, Icelandic and German rights in Eastern Greenland (Eirik Raudes Land).

List of current and former Danish possessionsEdit

  1. Sweden: independent kingdom from 1523
  2. Estonia: transferred to Sweden in 1645 (to Finland 1947)
  3. Danish East Indies: sold to Great Britain in 1845
  4. Gold Coast: sold to Great Britain in 1850
  5. Norway: transferred to Sweden in 1814, independent kingdom from 1905
  6. Danish West Indies: sold to the USA in 1917
  7. Iceland: independent kingdom from 1943
  8. Faeroes: transferred to Iceland in 1947
  9. Wadden Sea Islands: transferred to the Netherlands in 1947
  10. Greenland: acquired from Norway in 1814
  11. Nordlandet: Russian territory of Severnaya Zemlya from 1913, transferred to Denmark 1947