Preah Reacheanachak Kampuchea/Protected Kingdom of Cambodia




Phnom Penh

Head of State

His Royal Majesty Preah Karuna Preah Bat Samdech Preah Norodom Sihanouk Preahmahaviraksat (1941-1979), Prince Norodom Phurissara (1979-1981), Emperor Bao Vang (from 1981)

Ruling Party

Sangkum Reastr Niyum/Organisation Dedicated to the Commoners (1955-1979), United Front for National Salvation (1979-1981), Indochinese Nationalist Party (from 1981)

Head of Government

Prince Sisowath Sirik Matak (1952-1979), Son Ngoc Minh (1979-1981), Son Ngoc Thanh (from 1981)

System of Government

Protectorate under the French and subsequently under the Vietnamese, backed by the Japanese, with a puppet monarchy reflecting the dominance of foreign interests. Mass mobilisation along National Socialist lines attempted during the late rule of King Sihanouk. Indochinese and Greater Asian nationalist thereafter.


Part of France's territory of French Indochina from 1863, along with the Cochinchina Colony, the Annam Protectorate and the Tonkin Protectortae, all now unified as the independent Empire of Viet Nam under the tutelage of Japan.